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Family spelling variants includes Lewes, Lewies, Lowes, Lowis, Louis, Luis, Lawis, Laws

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LEWIS Family History

INTRODUCTION

Recorded in over fifty different spellings from Lewis, Lois, Lowis and Loisi, to such as Ludovici, Lotze, Lohde, and Ludwikiewicz, throughout Europe this great and ancient name is generally accepted as being of pre 5th century Frankish origins.  It was borne by the founder of the Frankish dynasty, who was recorded in the surviving chronicles of the Roman Empire as Ludovicus and Chlodovechus, the latter form becoming the French Clovis.  Lowis or Lewis is the Norman-French form of the name, and Lowis le Briton was entered in the 'Red Book of the Excheque', Essex, in 1166.

LEWIS

The surname derives from the Middle English personal name Lewis, itself from Old French Clovis, Louis, Leweis & c.  The original personal name was Hludwig, containing the German roots 'hlod'- fame, and 'wig'- war.  It was the name of the founder of the Frankish dynasty in 814 CE who appears in records under the latinised form Ludovicus and Chlodovecus.

A second origin of this surname is the Welsh personal name Llywelyn, also anglicised as Llewellyn. The root of this surname is probably the Old Welsh 'llyw'- leader.

Another origin is the Gaelic, Scottish and Irish,  surname Mac Lughaidh.  Lugh is a very ancient and esteemed personal name: it comes from the word 'lugh' which means brightness.  It was the name of the Celtic deity Lugh and gave rise to the high summer festival of 'Lughnasada'.  Lugh was regarded as the equivalent of the Greek god Appollo.  Woulfe (1913) states explicitly that the Irish Lewis familes of Dublin, Kildare, Wexford & c. are of the Anglo-Norman derivation.

Lewis can also occur as a synonym of the quite distinct Lewes, a surname taken from the place in Sussex.

It is surely significant that in 1881 the highest frequencies of the name were in Wales, especially South Wales.  In Glamorgan the 1881 poulation was 13, 453.  It is most likely that the Bristol frequency of 3000 in that census reflects the movement of the Welsh surname; as other Bristol surnames also have a Welsh provenance: Thomas, Williams, Parry.  In fact the surname in England in 1891 was most numerous outside of London, in Lancashire (6% of the England & Wales total) and Gloucestershire (4% of the England & Wales total); London was (11%).

An early Welsh bearer was Llewelyn ap Madoc alias Lewis Rede, 1413 (History & Antiq., St. Davids).

As for the English/continental origin of the name, examples of early bearers are the 12th century Lowis le Briton (see above), Walterus filius Lowis, 1209 (Pipe Rolls, Warwicks).

As for Bristol, the International Genealogical Index has John Lewis, 1554.

William Lewis, a convict from Gloucester, was transported aboard the "Asia" on September 3rd, 1820.

SOURCES

1881, 1891 Census

Homes of Family Names in Great Britain, H.B. Guppy, London, 1890

A Dictionary of English & Welsh Surnames, C.W.E. Bardsley, 1872, 96

Sloinnte Gaedheal is Gall, P. Woulfe, Dublin 1913

The Oxford Dictionary of Family Names in Britain & Ireland, eds Hanks, Coates, McClure, 2016

Dictionary of American Family Names, P. Hanks, OUP, 2003

Cmn

 

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Edward Lewis

Hello, My name is Edward Lewis I am trying to track my family line. I am looking for any info on John Lewis. The only thing I that keeps coming up is he was from Donegal county, Ireland. Thank you.

Anthony Barrett

The Lewis name has a long history in Wales, but now DNA and some recorded history says their origin is from the Emerald Island. The Lewis story [dominated by DNA tribal marker R1b-L513, Subgroup B2] can trace their origins to the Finn Valley in Donegal, Ireland from 50 BCE. Perhaps the journey begins with the Clanna Dedad; Deda, son of Sen or Deda Mac Sin. The Lewis surname origin is from Clan Domnaill [DNA Tribe R1b-L513, Subgroup B1] and relations who remain in Ireland take the modern surname (O’)Donnelly, McDonald and Donohue in Ireland. The Domnaill name is also found in Brittany, France according to research from the Centre de Recherche Bretonne et Celtique. It is a very old name which appears in the 5th century Roman inscription

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