This famous surname is regarded as being of Anglo-Scottish origins, although with Norman antecedents. Found in the spellings of Atkinson, Aitchison, Acheson, Aicheson, and Aitcheson, it is as a patronymic form of the medieval male given name Atkin or Adkin, itself a double diminutive of the Hebrew name 'Adam', meaning 'red earth'. Adam (as a baptismal name) is first recorded in the English Domesday Book of 1086, suggesting that it was an introduction after the 1066 Invasion. Certainly thereafter it became steadily more popular creating further diminutives such as Adcock and Atcock, with the same meaning. Early examples include Adekin filius Turst (Adekin the son of Turst) in the 1191 Pipe Rolls of Norfolk, and John Adekyn in the 1296 Records of Crowland Abbey, Cambridgeshire...
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